Study on Ni/ZrO2 catalyst preparation


  • Uyanga Dashnamjil Department of Chemical Engineering, School of Applied Science, Mongolian University of Science and Technology, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
  • Tungalagtamir Bold Department of Chemical Engineering, School of Applied Science, Mongolian University of Science and Technology, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
  • Enkhtsetseg Erdenee Department of Chemical Engineering, School of Applied Science, Mongolian University of Science and Technology, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia



catalyst calcination time and temperature, x-ray diffraction, crystal size, impregnation


In this work, the influence of catalyst preparation temperature on its structure was investigated. We have synthesized 12 different Ni/ZrO2 catalysts by varying the calcination temperature, time, and active metal content, and these catalysts will be further used in the carbon dioxide methanation reaction. Structure and properties of the catalysts were determined using XRD and SEM analysis. Therefore, Ni content of the catalysts were measured by ICP-OES.
Regarding to the crystal size calculation using XRD data by Scherer equation, when calcination time was increased the average crystal size of nickel oxide was decreased from 42.38 nm to 38.93 nm whereas it decreased to 39.23 nm when the calcination temperature was increased. This shows that the distribution of active metals in the catalyst increases when the heat treatment parameters are increased. In addition, it can be assumed that the activity of the catalyst can be enhanced when the calcination temperature and time were increases.

PDF 126


Narangerel. J, Basics of Coal Chemical Technology. 2011.

J. Martínez et al., High selectivity and stability of nickel catalysts for CO2 Methanation: Support effects, Catalysts, 9-1 (2019).

K. O. Yoro and M. O. Daramola, CO2 emission sources, greenhouse gases, and the global warming effect, no. August. Elsevier Inc., 2020.

L. Hu and A. Urakawa, Continuous CO2 capture and reduction in one process: CO2 methanation over unpromoted and promoted Ni/ZrO2, J. CO2 Util., 25 (2018), pp. 323–329.

L. Li, Y. Wang, Q. Zhao, and C. Hu, The effect of si on co2 methanation over ni-xsi/zro2 catalysts at low temperature, Catalysts, 11-1 (2021), pp. 1–14.

F. Ocampo, B. Louis, A. Kiennemann, and A. C. Roger, CO2 methanation over Ni-Ceria-Zirconia catalysts: Effect of preparation and operating conditions, IOP Conf. Ser. Mater. Sci. Eng., 19-1 (2011).

G. Zafeiropoulos et al., Developing nickel–zirconia Co-precipitated catalysts for production of green diesel, Catalysts, 9-3 (2019).

M. Vissanu, P. Nopadol, P. Nat, G. Xineng, L. Chunshan, and R. Thirasak, Low Temperature Methanation of CO2 on High Ni Content Ni-Ce-ZrO2 Catalysts Prepared via One-pot Hydrothermal Synthesis, Catalysts, 10-1 (2020), pp. 1–10.

L. Atzori, E. Rombi, D. Meloni, M. F. Sini, R. Monaci, and M. G. Cutrufello, CO and CO2-Methanation on Ni/CeO-ZrO2 Soft-Templated Catalysts, Catalysts, 9 (2019), pp. 2–15.

P. Frontera, A. Macario, M. Ferraro, and P. L. Antonucci, Supported catalysts for CO2 methanation: A review, Catalysts, 7-2 (2017), pp. 1–28.

M. S. Lanre et al., Catalytic performance of lanthanum promoted Ni/ZrO2 for carbon dioxide reforming of methane, Processes, 8-11 (2020), pp. 1–15.

H. Wu et al., Effects of calcination temperatures on the structure-activity relationship of Ni-La/Al2O3 catalysts for syngas methanation, RSC Adv., 10-7 (2020), pp. 3166–3174.

L. Zhao et al., Synergistic effect of oxygen vacancies and ni species on tuning selectivity of ni/zro 2 catalyst for hydrogenation of maleic anhydride into succinic anhydride and γ-butyrolacetone, Nanomaterials, 9-3 (2019).

D. C. D. Da Silva, S. Letichevsky, L. E. P. Borges, and L. G. Appel, The Ni/ZrO 2 catalyst and the methanation of CO and CO 2, Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 37-11 (2012), pp. 8923–8928.

S. Galanov, O. Sidorova, and O. Magaev, Dependence of the preparation method on the phase composition and particle size of the binary NiO-ZrO2 system oxides, IOP Conf. Ser. Mater. Sci. Eng., 597-1 (2019), pp. 1–6.

B. Buyan-Ulzii, O. Daariimaa, C. Munkhdelger, G. Oyunbileg, and B. Enkhsaruul, Effect of nickel precursor and catalyst activation temperature on methanation performance, Mong. J. Chem., 19-45 (2018), pp. 12–18.

K. Stangeland, D. Kalai, H. Li, and Z. Yu, CO2 Methanation: The Effect of Catalysts and Reaction Conditions, Energy Procedia, 105-1876 (2017), pp. 2022–2027.

A. S. Al-Fatesh et al., Effect of pre-treatment and calcination temperature on Al2O3-ZrO2 supported Ni-Co catalysts for dry reforming of methane, Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 44-39 (2019), pp. 21546–21558.

N. M. Deraz, The comparative jurisprudence of catalysts preparation methods: I. precipitation and impregnation methods, J. Ind. Environ. Chem., 2-1 (2018), pp. 19–21.

J. A. Schwarz, C. Contescu, and A. Contescu, Methods for Preparation of Catalytic Materials, Chem. Rev., 95-3 (1995), pp. 477–510.

G. Rajesh, S. Akilandeswari, D. Govindarajan, and K. Thirumalai, Facile precipitation synthesis, structural, morphological, photoluminescence and photocatalytic properties of Ni doped ZrO2 nanoparticles, Mater. Res. Express, 6-10 (2019).




How to Cite

U. Dashnamjil, T. Bold, and E. Erdenee, “Study on Ni/ZrO2 catalyst preparation”, J. appl. sci. eng., A, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 48–58, Dec. 2022.