Paradigm shift in traditional Mongolian medicine in the 18th century

Authors

  • Enkhamgalan Damiran Department for Research Planning, Mongolian Academy of Sciences, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
  • Ulaan-Od Khailan School of Traditional Medicine, “Ach” Medical University, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
  • Shagdarsuren Dashjamts School of Traditional Medicine, “Ach” Medical University, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
  • Gerelmaa Battogtokh School of Traditional Medicine, “Ach” Medical University, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
  • Bold Sharavyn Mongolian Academy of Medical Sciences, Mongolian Academy of Sciences, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5108-3438

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5564/pmas.v63i02.1417

Keywords:

Paradigm, policy, traditional medicine, science policy, shift

Abstract

As Thomas Kuhn stated in his book "The Structure of Scientific Revolutions", revolution is an example of advanced science made by a successful paradigm shift from one to another. At that time, Kuhn's idea was a revolution in itself, becoming the primary method for scientific change. It became a basis for science paradigm policy shift and since, has been a model for gradual reform. Identifying and incorporating this model into the countries' scientific policy and reform is extremely important. The applicability of the used model can be judged by the outcomes resulting in the paradigm shift. By the way, not every scientific progress results in revolution. However, we would like to note that a laggard period with weak mental development is ended by an intellectual outburst. In other words, although in the 17th century, Mongols accepted Tibetan medicine within the framework of the "Four Medical Tantras" with recognition and common scientific mind, later in the 18th century, they thought beyond the box of the "Four Medical Tantras" and created the opportunity to develop a new paradigm. This shift made a valuable contribution to the establishment of, in a broader sense, Mongolian medicine and, in a narrow sense, traditional Mongolian medicine.

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Author Biographies

Enkhamgalan Damiran, Department for Research Planning, Mongolian Academy of Sciences, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia

Mongolian Academy of Medical Sciences, Mongolian Academy of Sciences, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia

Bold Sharavyn, Mongolian Academy of Medical Sciences, Mongolian Academy of Sciences, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia

School of Traditional medicine, Mongolian University of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia

References

Paradigm. Academic Dictionaries and Encyclopedias. Retrieved from https://en-academic.com/

Paradigm. Definition from the Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary. Retrieved from https://www.merriam-webster.com/

Paradigms. Encyclopedia.com. Retrieved from https://www.encyclopedia.com/

Dalton John (1808). “New System of Chemical Philosophy.” Printed by S. Russell 125, for R. Bickerstaff, Strand, London, Part I. https://doi.org/10.5479/sil.324338.39088000885681

Blackburn, Simon, (1994, 2005, 2008) rev. 2nd ed. The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Kuhn, T S (1970) The Structure of Scientific Revolutions (2nd Edition) University of Chicago Press. Section V, pp. 43-51.

Kuhn, T S (1970) The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. (2nd Edition) University of Chicago Press. pp. 88 and 41.

Kuhn, T S (1970) The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. (2nd Edition) University of Chicago Press. p.44.

Kuhn, Thomas (1962). The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. (1stEdition) University of Chicago Press. pp.54.

Bold Sharav (2013) History and Development of Traditional Mongolian Medicine (5,000 years of Medical History). Ulaanbaatar, Munkhiin Useg Group, p. 284.

Bold Sharav (2013) History and Development of Traditional Mongolian Medicine (5,000 years of Medical History). Ulaanbaatar, Munkhiin Useg Group, pp. 284-291.

Bold Sharav (2013). History of Mongolian Medicine. Ulaanbaatar, Admon printing, pp. 295-296.

Bold Sharav (2008) Paradigm. Journal of Mongolian Medical Sciences. Ulaanbaatar, №3 (145), pp. 1-2.

Mindol Jambal.“gso rig bstan bcos mtha' dag gi snying po rnams phyogs gcig tu bsdus pa man ngag rin chen 'byung gnas bzhugs so.”25thchapter“gNyan rims spyi bcos pa”,Wooden printing block with Tibetan script.

Sdesrid Sangsrgyasr gyamtsho.“bdud rtsi snying po yan lag brgyad pa gsang pa man ngag yon tan rgyud kyi lhan thabs zug rngu'i tsha gdun sel ba'i katp'ur dus min 'chi zhags gcod pa'i ral gri shes bya ba”.Wooden printing block with Tibetan script.

Bold Sharav (2013) History and Development of Traditional Mongolian Medicine (5,000 years of Medical History). Ulaanbaatar, Munkhiin Useg Group, pp. 289-290.

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Published

2023-07-19

How to Cite

Damiran, E., Khailan, U.-O., Dashjamts, S., Battogtokh, G., & Sharavyn, B. (2023). Paradigm shift in traditional Mongolian medicine in the 18th century. Proceedings of the Mongolian Academy of Sciences, 63(02), 19–24. https://doi.org/10.5564/pmas.v63i02.1417

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