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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Author Guidelines

Mongolian Journal of Applied Linguistics (MJAL) is a peer-reviewed scientific journal edited by Institute of Language and Literature, Mongolian Academy of Sciences. It publishes original peer-reviewed scientific articles, review-type papers on all fields of applied linguistics.  The journal is published annually.

Mongolian Journal of Applied Linguistics(MJAL) publishes papers without page or color charges to authors.

Preparation of the manuscript

General requirements: Submitted manuscripts must describe original research not previously published and not under consideration for publication elsewhere.

When submitting, the authors should be required to confirm that:

  1. The paper, or any version, has not been submitted, or is under review elsewhere
  2. The paper will not be submitted elsewhere until the MJAL review process is complete
  3. All authors agree to the paper being submitted (need e-mails for all authors)
  4. Persons who submit a manuscript for review should suggest the names and e-mail addresses of up to three specialists as peer reviewers in their cover letter. The Editorial Teams reserve the right to decide whether to accept or decline these suggestions, and is not required to communicate their decision to the authors.

All manuscripts must be clearly written in Mongolian and English (American or British usage is accepted but not a mixture of these).

Non-English speaking authors who do not have a good command of written scientific English are kindly advised to seek assistance, before submission, from someone whose native language is English or engage a professional language editing service for help.

Important NOTE: Manuscripts may be editorially rejected, without review, on the basis of poor English or unsuitable for the journal because it does not reach an acceptable level of quality, is outside the scientific aims and scope of the journal or contains evidence of scientific fraud.

Text file formatting

Manuscripts should be submitted as a Word document. The entire manuscript file, including the abstract, experimental section, results and discussion, references and footnotes, must be formatted as single-column, double-spaced text.

The document must be typed in Times New Roman, 11 point, regular, fully justified, normal. Italicize any words that should appear in italics. Don’t use the tab key to indent blocks of text such as paragraphs of quotes or lists.

Fonts and Typography: The Symbol font (rather than the normal text font) must be used for Greek letters and mathematical symbols.

Abbreviations: If abbreviations are used in the text either they should be defined in the text where first used, or a list of abbreviations can be provided.

Page layout and styles

Page size, margins: A4 portrait 210 mm × 297 mm, the all margins must be 2 cm.

Headings and numbering: Major headings in sentence case, bold, left-justified, subheadings should be in sentence case, regular, italics, left-justified. Do not number any titles.

Title: 14 pt Times New Roman, sentence case, bold, centered

Author and co-authors: 11 pt Times New Roman, sentence case, regular, centered

Authors’ affiliation: 11 pt Times New Roman, sentence case, italics, centered

Abstract: 11 pt Times New Roman, regular, fully justified, normal, no indentation

Tables and Graphics: 10 pt Times New Roman, sentence case, regular, left justified, normal, a sequential Arabic number.

Citations: 11 pt Times New Roman, regular. For citations in the text, please use parenthesis (). The numbers in the references section are without parenthesis. 

Organization of manuscript
The manuscript should contain the following information: Title; author(s); Author addresses, plus email addresses of the all authors, email and ORCID ® of the corresponding author; Abstract; Key words; Introduction; Methodology including materials and methods; Results and discussion; Conclusions; Acknowledgements (if any) and References.

Title page
Title: should be informative and concise (no more than 2 lines) and describes the topic of the manuscript in terms understandable to a broad readership. Non-standard acronyms or abbreviations should be avoided. Capitalize only the first word of the title

Authors: contains names of all authors and their complete mailing and e-mail addresses. The name of the corresponding author should be marked with an asterisk (*).

Author affiliation: The affiliated institutions are to be listed directly below the names of the authors. Include department, institution, and complete address, with the ZIP/postal code, for each author. Multiple affiliations should be marked with superscript Arabic numbers, and they should each start on a new line.

Corresponding author: The name, complete address, telephone number, and e-mail address of the author to whom correspondence and proofs should be sent. Mailing and e-mail addresses will appear in print and online. MJAL applies the ORCID ® persistent digital identifier as a way to ensure proper authorship normalization for corresponding authors.

Provide in abstract giving a brief, structured but informative summary of the contents and conclusions contained in the paper. The abstract should be no longer than 300 words and not contain abbreviations.

Authors must give up to a maximum of 6 keywords or phrases, which identify the most important subjects covered by the manuscript.

The introduction should provide the necessary background information with succinct words to give a proper perspective for the study. Only the necessary background information should be provided, instead of a detailed review of the field. Previous publications that provided the groundwork for the paper submitted must be mentioned. All symbols and abbreviations used must be defined, unless they are common abbreviations, symbols of concepts or standard units of measurements. Subheadings are not used in this section.

All methodology procedures and compound characterization data need to be included in this section. This section must be described with sufficient details so that others could repeat the procedures, in conjunction with cited references. Procedures such as appropriate experimental design and statistical methods should be described. Methods for quantification of levels or differences in levels of molecules in biological samples must be described fully and shown to be quantitative and reproducible, using appropriate replicates and statistical analyses. Additional information could be included as Supplementary Data if necessary. If the study characterizes the activity of new compounds, compound structures must be provided. Quantification of gel or blot intensities must be performed with data obtained within a linear range of exposure.

Results and Discussion
Results should be clear and concise and presented with tables or illustrations for clarity. Discussion focused on the interpretation of the results rather than a repetition of the Results section. This section may be subdivided further if subheadings give the manuscript more clarity.

Should provide the main conclusions, including why the results are significant and advance the field.

References should include only articles that are published or in press and cited in text by author and date. Any references cited in the abstract must be given in full.

Note: "et al." should only be used after 5 authors.

Please write all references using the Latin alphabet. If the title of the book you are referring to is, e.g., in Russian, Mongolian or Chinese, then please write (in Russian) or (in Chinese) at the end of the transcript or translation of the title.

Please, use the following style for references:

Book with a single author

Бадамдорж, Д. (2006). Монгол хэлний үгийн сангийн утга зүй. Улаанбаатар: Адмон ХХК. [Badamdorj, D. Mongol helnii ügiin sangiin utga züi [Mongolian Lexical Semantics].Ulaanbaatar: Admon LLC. 2006.]

Book with two authors

Мөнх-Амгалан, Ю., Кан Шин. (2014). Орчин цагийн монгол хэлний бүтээвэр судлал. Улаанбаатар: Соёмбо принтинг.[Mönh-Amgalan, Yu., Kang Shin. Orchin tsagyn mongol helnii büteever sudlal [The Morphology of Modern Mongolian]. Ulaanbaatar: Soyombo printing. 2014.]

Book with three or more authors

Гэрэлмаа, Г., Шинэбаяр, О., Мөнхцэцэг, Н., Бат-Эрдэнэ, С. (2014). Монгол нэр томьёо судлалын товчоон. Улаанбаатар: Соёмбо принтинг.[Gerelmaa,G., Shinebayar, O., Münkhtsetseg, N., Bat-Erdene, S. Mongol ner tomyo sudlalyn tovchoon [Historical Outline of Mongolian Terminology Studies]. Ulaanbaatar: Soyombo printing. 2014.]

Article in a Periodical:

Chiocchetti, Elena, Vesna Lušicky, and Tanja Wissik. (2023). Terminology standards and their relevance for legal interpreters and translators Results of an exploratory study in Austria and Italy. Digital Linguistics 10: 156 - 179. DOI:10.1075/dt.00006.chi.

DOI: DOI references should be included.


Article with a single author

Адьяа, О. (2009). Гадаад үг, нэр томьёог монгол хэлнээ хэрэглэх тухайд. Нэр томьёо судлал, 11: 62-70. [Adiya,O. On the Use of Foreign Words and Terms in Mongolian. Ner tomyo sudlal, 2009, 11: 62-70.]

Article with two or more authors

Батмөнх, С., Эрдэв, Б. (2004). Техник технологийн нэр томьёог сурах бичигт хэрэглэж буй байдал, түүнийг жигдлэх асуудалд. Нэр томьёо судлал, 6: 83-88. [Batmunkh,S., Erdev, B. The Current State of Technical and Technological Term Usages in Textbooks and Its Harmonization. Ner tomyo sudlal, 2004, 11: 83-88]

Internet source: 

Humbley, J. (2009). Accounting for term formation. Terminology Science and Research 20. Available at Accessed 15 June 2010.


Lai.Gorman Yuan and Liberman (2008) Perception of Disfluency Language Differences and Listener Bias.Interspeechisca. pp. 2345-2348. Retrieved from /papers/laietal2007.pdf


  1. Hegner M.B., and Wendt K.L., (1977) Method of sorting seeds. UK Patent 1470133

Abbreviations, Physical Quantity Symbols, and Units
Authors are encouraged to use abbreviations and acronyms. Nonstandard abbreviations and acronyms must be defined the first time they are used and should be avoided in manuscript titles and abstracts. Symbols for concepts should be italicized (for example, c, Ea, J, m/zt1/2).

All illustrations - tables and graphics (figures and schemes) need to be inserted within the manuscript text where they are first discussed. Illustrations should be submitted in black and white with no background color. The figures should be of high resolution (300 dpi minimum for photos, 800 dpi minimum for graphs, drawings, etc., at the size the figure will be printed). Numbers and symbols incorporated in the figure must be large enough to be legible after reduction in figure size.

Please NOTE: We cannot publish scans or photocopied figures or accept Power Point, Excel, Roshal Archive (RAR) or Portable Document Format (PDF) files. Suitable file types include Joint Photographic Experts Group (JPEG), Tagged Image File Format (TIFF) and Microsoft Word (doc) files.

Figures, schemes and graphics: Should have titles and explanatory legends containing sufficient detail to make the figure easily understood. The figure number and caption should be typed in the manuscript word-processor file directly below the figure (rather than included in the graphic). The caption should identify the content of the figure and should be understandable without reference to the text. If a figure has several parts, the individual parts should be labeled (A), (B), etc., and each part identified in the caption. The key to symbols used in a figure (for example, for marking experimental points in a graph) should be included in the figure itself whenever possible. Each figure must be referred to by its number at least once in the manuscript text.

If a figure has been published previously, acknowledge the original source in the figure caption. You must obtain written permission from the copyright holder to reproduce the figure and upload this permission as supplemental data.

Tables: should be created with the Microsoft Word Table function and must have a title, and footnotes and/or legend and be clearly defined. To facilitate layout of large tables, smaller fonts may be used, but in no case should these be less than 8 pt in size. Please submit tables as editable text and not as images. Do not use the space bar to separate columns, and do not place an Excel table in a Word document. Use separate cells for all discrete data elements within a table. If a table cell is to be left empty, please type a hyphen ( - ) in it. All abbreviations within a table must be defined in the table legend or footnotes. Each table must be referred to by its number at least once in the manuscript text.

Proofs. Authors will be provided galleys for proofing, which must be returned with any corrections, within one week. No new material corrections will be allowed on proofs.

Submission of Manuscript

All submissions to MJAL can be made electronically via the homepage of this journal You may also send us via e-mail.


Section default policy

Privacy Statement

Mongolia Journals Online (MongoliaJOL) is a member of the Ubiquity Partner Network coordinated by Ubiquity Press. According to the EU definitions, MongoliaJOL is the data controller, and Ubiquity Press are the service providers and data processors. Ubiquity Press provide the technical platform and some publishing services to MongoliaJOL and operate under the principle of data minimisation where only the minimal amount of personal data that is required to carry out a task is obtained.

More information on the type of data that is required can be found in Ubiquity Press’ privacy policy below.

Ubiquity Press Privacy Policy

We take seriously our duty to process your personal data in a fair and transparent way. We collect and manage user data according to the following Privacy Policy. This document is part of our Terms of Service, and by using the press portal, affiliated journals, book, conference and repository websites (the “Websites”), you agree to the terms of this Privacy Policy and the Terms of Service. Please read the Terms of Service in their entirety, and refer to those for definitions and contacts.

What type of personal data do we handle?

There are four main categories of personal data stored by our journal platform, our press platform, and our book management system; Website User data, Author data, Reviewer data and Editor data.

The minimum personal data that are stored are:

  • full name
  • email address
  • affiliation (department, and institution)
  • country of residence

Optionally, the user can provide:

  • salutation
  • gender
  • associated URL
  • phone number
  • fax number
  • reviewing interests
  • mailing address
  • ORCiD
  • a short biography
  • interests
  • Twitter profile
  • LinkedIn profile
  • ImpactStory profile
  • profile picture

The data subjects have complete control of this data through their profile, and can request for it to be removed by contacting

What do we do to keep that data secure?

We regularly backup our databases, and we use reliable cloud service providers (Amazon, Google Cloud, Linode) to ensure they are kept securely. Backups are regularly rotated and the old data is permanently deleted. We have a clear internal data handling policy, restricting access to the data and backups to key employees only. In case of a data breach, we will report the breach to the affected users, and to the press/journal contacts within 72 hours.

How do we use the data?

Personal information is only used to deliver the services provided by the publisher. Personal data is not shared externally except for author names, affiliations, emails, and links to ORCiD and social media accounts (if provided) in published articles and books which are displayed as part of the article/book and shared externally to indexes and databases. If a journal operates under open peer review then the reviewer details are published alongside the reviewer details.

How we collect and use your data:

1. When using the website

1.1 what data we collect

  • When you browse our website, we collect anonymised data about your use of the website; for example, we collect information about which pages you view, which files you download, what browser you are using, and when you were using the site.
  • When you comment on an article or book using Disqus, we are not collecting, controlling or processing the data. More details on the DISQUS privacy policy can be found on their website.
  • When you annotate an article or book, this is done via a 3rd party plugin to the website called In using this plugin we are not collecting, controlling or processing the data. More details on the privacy policy can be found on their website.

1.2 why we collect the data

  • We use anonymised website usage data to monitor traffic, help fix bugs, and see overall patterns that inform future redesigns of the website, and provide reports on how frequently the publications on our site have been accessed from within their IP ranges.

1.3 what we do (and don’t do) with the data

  • We do not collect personal information that can be used to identify you when you browse the website.
  • We currently use Google Analytics for publication reports, and to improve the website and services through traffic analysis, but no personal identifying data is shared with Google (for example your computer’s IP is anonymised before transmission).

1.4 what to do if you want to get a copy of your data, or want your data to be removed

  • Please contact to request a copy of your data, or for your data to be removed/anonymised.

2. When registering as an author, and submitting an article or book

2.1 what data we collect

  • When registering an account we ask you to log in and provide certain personal information (such as your name and email address), and there is the option to register using an ORCiD which will pre-fill the registration form.
  • As part of submitting an article for publication, you will need to provide personally identifying information which will be used for the peer review process, and will be published. This can include ‘Affiliation’, ‘Competing interests’, ‘Acknowledgements’.

2.2 why we collect the data

  • Registering an account allows you to log in, manage your profile, and participate as an author/reviewer/editor. We use cookies and session information to streamline your use of the website (for example in order for you to remain logged-in when you return to a journal). You can block or delete cookies and still be able to use the websites, although if you do you will then need to enter your username and password to login. In order to take advantage of certain features of the websites, you may also choose to provide us with other personal information, such as your ORCiD, but your decision to utilize these features and provide such data will always be voluntary.
  • Personal data submitted with the article or book is collected to allow follow good publication ethics during the review process, and will form part of the official published record in order for the provenance of the work to be established, and for the work to be correctly attributed.

2.3 what we do (and don’t do) with the data

  • We do not share your personal information with third parties, other than as part of providing the publishing service.
  • As a registered author in the system you may be contacted by the journal editor to submit another article.
  • Any books published on the platform are freely available to download from the publisher website in PDF, EPUB and MOBI formats on the publisher’s site.
  • Any personal data accompanying an article or a book (that will have been added by the submitting author) is published alongside it. The published data includes the names, affiliations and email addresses of all authors.
  • Any articles published on the platform are freely available to download from the publisher website in various formats (e.g. PDF, XML).
  • Ubiquity Press books and articles are typeset by SiliconChips and Diacritech.This process involves them receiving the book and book associated metadata and contacting the authors to finalise the layout. Ubiquity Press work with these suppliers to ensure that personal data is only used for the purposes of typesetting and proofing.
  • For physical purchases of books on the platform Ubiquity Press use print on demand services via Lightning Source who are responsible for printing and distribution via retailers. (For example; Amazon, Book Repository, Waterstones). Lightning Source’s privacy policy and details on data handling can be found on their website.

2.4 why we store the data

  • We store the account data so that you may choose to become a reviewer and be able to perform those tasks, or to become an author and submit an article and then track progress of that article.
  • Published personal data that accompanies an article or a book forms part of the official published record in order for the provenance of the work to be established, and for the work to be correctly attributed.

2.5 what to do if you want to get a copy of your data, or want your data to be removed

  • You are able to view, change and remove your data associated with your profile. Should you choose to completely delete your account, please contact us at and we will follow up with your request as soon as possible.
  • To conform to publication ethics and best practice any personal data that is published alongside an article or book cannot be removed. If you have a query about a publication to which you are attributed please contact

3. When registering as a reviewer

3.1 what data we collect

  • To become a reviewer you must first register as a user on the website, and set your preference that you would like to be considered as a reviewer. No new personal data is collected when a registered user elects to become a reviewer.
  • When registering an account we ask you to log in and provide certain personal information (such as your name and email address), and there is the option to register using an ORCiD which will pre-fill the registration form.
  • Reviewers can also be registered by editors who invite them to review a specific article. This requires the editor to provide the reviewer’s First Name, Last Name, and Email address. Normally this will be done as part of the process of inviting you to review the article or book.
  • On submitting a review, the reviewer includes a competing interest statement, they may answer questions about the quality of the article, and they will submit their recommendation.

3.2 why we collect the data

  • The data entered is used to invite the reviewer to peer review the article or book, and to contact the reviewer during and the review process.
  • If you submit a review then the details of your review, including your recommendation, your responses to any review form, your free-form responses, your competing interests statement, and any cover letter are recorded.

3.3 what we do (and don’t do) with the data

  • This data is not shared publicly and is only accessible by the Editor and system administrators of that journal or press.
  • The data will only be used in connection with that journal or press.
  • Data that is retained post final decision is kept to conform to publication ethics and best practice, to provide evidence of peer review, and to resolve any disputes relating to the peer review of the article or book.
  • For journals or presses that publish the peer reviews, you will be asked to give consent to your review being published, and a subset of the data you have submitted will become part of the published record.

3.4 what to do if you want to get a copy of your data, or want your data to be removed

  • If you would no longer like to be registered as a reviewer you can edit your profile and tick the box ‘stop being a reviewer’. This will remove you from the reviewer database, however any existing reviews you may have carried out will remain.
  • If you have been contacted by an editor to peer review an article this means that you have been registered in the system. If you would not like to be contacted for peer review you can reply to the email requesting that your data be deleted.

4. When being registered as a co-author

4.1 what data we collect

  • Co-author data is entered by the submitting author. The submitting author will already have a user account. According to standard publishing practice, the submitting author is responsible for obtaining the consent of their co-authors to be included (including having their personal data included) in the article/book being submitted to the journal/press.
  • The requested personal data for co-authors are at the bare minimum; first name, last name, institution, country, email address. This can also include; ORCID ID, Title, Middle Name, Biographical Statement, Department, Twitter Handle, Linkedin Profile Name or ImpactStory ID.

4.2 why we collect the data

  • Assuming that it is accepted for publication, this data forms part of the official published record in order for the provenance of the work to be established, and for the work to be correctly attributed.
  • Author names, affiliations and emails are required for publication and will become part of the permanent cited record.

4.3 what we do (and don’t do) with the data

  • The co-author’s personal data is stored in the author database. This personal data is only used in relation to the publication of the associated article.
  • Any co-author data collected is added to the author database and is only used in association with the article the user is co-author on.

4.5 what to do if you want to get a copy of your data, or want your data to be removed

  • To receive a copy of your data, please contact
  • To conform to publication ethics and best practice any personal data that is published alongside an article or book cannot be removed. If you have a query about a publication to which you are attributed please contact

5. When signing-up to receive newsletters

5.1 what data we collect

  • We require you to include your name and email address

5.2 why we collect and store the data, and for how long

  • This data would be collected to keep you updated with any news about the platform or specific journal

5.3 what we do (and don’t do) with the data

  • We use mailchimp to provide our mailing list services. Their privacy policy can be found here

5.4 what to do if you want to get a copy of your data or want your data to be removed

  • All emails sent via our newsletter client will include a link that will allow you to unsubscribe from the mailing list

Notification about change of ownership or of control of data

We may choose to buy or sell assets. In the case that control of data changes to or from Ubiquity Press and a third party, or in the case of change of ownership of Ubiquity Press or of part of the business where the control of personal data is transferred, we will do our best to inform all affected users and present the options.

(Updated: 18 May 2018)