The Belt and Road Initiatives & Mongolia: Expert Survey Results




Mongolia, China, Belt and Road Initiatives, experts, tradition and assessment


Since 1990, Mongolia has been moving from a planned economy to a market economy for more than 30 years, revolutionizing the social order and adopting democratic methods. Over the past few years, Mongolia's social, economic and political development studies have produced specific assessments and conclusions. These articles explore Mongolia's development, characteristics, participation in the Belt and Road Initiative launched by the People's Republic of China, its benefits, its impact on the present state of Mongolia's society and the obstacles it faces. The paper presents the results of research into four main groups: common reasons, cause-effect, solution-effect and conclusions.


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Author Biography

Khatanbold Oidov, Department of Political Sciences and Legal Studies, Institute of Philosophy, Mongolian Academy of Sciences, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia

Leading Academic Researcher (Ph.D)


As of 2022, 1,596.3 citizens, or 45 percent of all citizens, live in Ulaanbaatar.

Institute of Philosophy., MAS. Eastern European countries and Mongolian democracy: achievements, successes and challenges. International conference. Proceedings of the Papers. 2022, Ulaanbaatar

О.Khatanbold. Perspectives on religion in Mongolia. Articles discussed in academic discussions. President Office of Mongolia, National Security Council of Mongolia, State Palace, April 17, 2018.

Institute of Philosophy., MAS. Relations between Mongolian & Russian Cultural Citizenship in the Eurasian Region. Collaborative work. editors. G.Chuluunbaatar, A.S.Zheleznyakov, O.Khatanbold. Soyombo Printing Ltd. 2023. Ulaanbaatar

О.Khatanbold. “One Belt & One Road Initiatives and Mongolia: conditions, reasons and solutions”. Microstudy. 2023, Ulaanbaatar




How to Cite

Oidov, K. (2024). The Belt and Road Initiatives & Mongolia: Expert Survey Results . Mongolian Journal of International Affairs, 24(1).