Engineering polyamide materials: s-triazine framework with specialized bulky side chains for advanced applications




Biosensors, Coumarin, Polyamides, Polycondensation, s-Triazine, Thermogravimetric analysis


The focus of this study is on the synthesis of organic fluorescent and thermally stable polyamides using an s-triazine frame. Coumarin and n-phenyl anthranilic acid have been utilized as bulky pendent groups in the synthesis of the monomer, resulting in polyamides with two groups that enhance stability and fluorescence. The synthesized polyamides have been characterized using a variety of techniques. The thermal stability of the polyamides has been studied using thermogravimetric analysis. These polyamides offer appealing features such as fluorescence and enhanced thermal stability, making them significant for a wide range of applications, including biosensors, clean energy technologies, and explosive sensing.


Download data is not yet available.
PDF 41


Liou G.S., Yen H.J. (2012) Polyimides in polymer science: A comprehensive reference, 5, Elsevier, 497-535.

Der-Jang L., Kung-Li W., Ying-Chi H., Kueir-Rarn L., Juin-Yih L., Chang-Sik H. (2012) Advanced polyimide materials: Syntheses, physical properties and applications. Progress in Polymer Science, 37, 907-974.

Bazzar M., Ghaemy M., Alizadeh R. (2012) Novel fluorescent light-emitting polymer composites bearing 1,2,4-triazole and quinoxaline moieties: Reinforcement and thermal stabilization with silicon carbide nanoparticles by epoxide functionalization. Polymer Degradation and Stability, 97, 1690-1703.

Tamboli A.B., Kalshetti B.S., Ghodke S.D., Diwate A.V., Maldar N.N. (2020) Synthesis and characterization of semi-aromatic polyamides containing heterocyclic 1,3,5 s-triazine and methylene spacer group for thermally stable and colloidal property. Designed Monomers and Polymers, 23(1), 93-105.

Guipeng Y., Cheng L., Jinyan W., Xiuping L., Xigao J. (2010) Heat-resistant aromatic s-triazine-containing ring-chain polymers based on bis(ether nitrile)s: Synthesis and properties. Polymer Degradation and Stability, 95, 2445-2452.

Mallakpour S., Rafiee Z. (2007) Preparation and characterization of new photoactive polyamides containing 4-(4-dimethylaminophenyl) urazole units. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 103, 947-954.

Sagar A.D., Shingte R.D., Wadgaonkar P.P., Salunkhe M.M. (2001) Polyamides containing s-triazine rings and fluorene “cardo” groups: Synthesis and characterization. European Polymer Journal, 37, 1493-1498.

Mishra N., Vasava D. (2020) Recent developments in s-triazine holding phosphorus and nitrogen flame-retardant materials. Journal of Fire Sciences, 38(6), 1-22.

Gu L., Chen G., Yao Y. (2014) Two novel phosphorus-nitrogen-containing halogen-free flame retardants of high performance for epoxy resin. Polym. Degrad. Stab., 108, 68-75.

Prokhorov A.M., Prokhorova P.E. (2015) Triazines and tetrazines. Prog. Heterocycl. Chem., 27, 451-464.

Modh J.V., Patel S.K. (2020) Synthesis, characterization and study of fluorescent-high performance polyesters. Rasayan Journal of Chemistry, 13(3), 1458-1471.

Yu C.M., Wu Y.L., Zeng F., Li X.Z., Shi J.B., et al. (2013) Hyperbranched polyester-based fluorescent probe for histone deacetylase via aggregation-induced emission. Biomacromolecules, 14, 4507−4514.

Halim M.A. (2013) Harnessing sun’s energy with quantum dots based next-generation solar cell. Nanomaterials, 3, 22-47.

Jeong J.W., Kwon Y., Han Y.S., Park L.S. (2005) Electroluminescent property and photolithographic process of photosensitive random copolymers. Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst., 443, 59-68.

Trenor S.R., Shultz A.R., Love B.J., Long T.E. (2004) Coumarins in polymers: from light harvesting to photo-cross-linkable tissue scaffolds. Chemical Reviews, 104, 3059-3077.

Wagner B.D. (2009) The use of coumarins as environmentally sensitive fluorescent probes of heterogeneous inclusion systems. Molecules, 14(1) 210-237.

Nechifor M. (2009) Synthesis and properties of some aromatic polyamides with coumarin chromophores. Reactive & Functional Polymers, 69, 27-35.

Cao D., Liu Z., Verwilst P., Koo S., Jangjili P., et al. (2019) Coumarin-based small-molecule fluorescent chemosensors. Chemical Review, 119, 10403-10519.

Defize T., Thomassin J.M., Ottevaere H., Malherbe C., Eppe G., et al. (2019) Photo-cross-linkable coumarin-based poly(ε-caprolactone) for light-controlled design and reconfiguration of shape-memory polymer networks. Macromolecules, 52, 444-456.

Modh J.V. (2023) Synthetic protocols and significance of heterocyclic fluorescent reinforcing polymers: A comprehensive review. Journal of Advanced Scientific Research, 14, 9-39.

Gindre D., Liopoulos K., Krupka O., Evrard M., Champigny E., et al. (2016) Coumarin-containing polymers for high density non-linear optical data storage. Molecules, 21(2), 147.

Zhang L.Z., Li Y., Liang Z.X., Yu Q.S., Cai Z.G. (1999) New cross-linked polymer systems with high and stable optical nonlinearity. React. Funct. Polym., 40, 255-262.

Mizoguchi K., Hasegawa E. (1996) Polymers for advanced technologies, photoactive polymers applied to advanced microelectronic devices. Polym. Adv. Technol., 7, 471-477.<471::AID-PAT534>3.3.CO;2-I

Biryan F. (2020) Triazole-coumarin centered star-shaped polymer: Structural characterizations and electrical properties of graphene composites. Journal of Molecular Structure, 1222, 128926.

Zhou J., Wang J., Jin K., Sun J., Fang Q. (2016) s-Triazine-based functional monomers with thermocrosslinkable propargyl units: Synthesis and conversion to the heat-resistant polymers. Polymer, 102, 301-307.

Nizama S.K., Mishra N., Vasava D., Patel S.K. (2021) Hetero-aromatic-fluorescent polyesters: Synthesis, characterization and physical study. Journal of Advance Scientific Research, 12, 146-153.

Vasava D.V., Patel S.K. (2016) Synthesis, characterization and study of thermally stable fluorescent polyesters. Int. Lett. Chem. Phys. Astron., 70, 48-62.




How to Cite

Bhalani, D., Pathan, S. K., & V.Modh, J. (2024). Engineering polyamide materials: s-triazine framework with specialized bulky side chains for advanced applications. Mongolian Journal of Chemistry, 25(51).