The results of growing method on the artichoke (cynara scolymus) in the green house
Keywords:Seedlings, root cutting, development, yield,
AbstractLeafing uniform reach on July 18th, artichoke plants grown by previous year’s root parts were reach to leafing uniform 6 days later; flowering was noted in both growing methods the same on July 20th. The maturity period from flowering stage was the same 35 days in both growing methods, respectively. Hearth quantity was 11 pieces per plant in average in root part grown plants; this was 2.2 times and 6 pieces more by than grown by seedlings. Mean weight of artichoke heart in root part grown plants by 40,5% in comparison to plants grown by seedlings, but total heart weight per plant was higher by 82,3%. Quantity of heart was higher by 2.2 times per plant in root part grown plants, but mean weight was lower. To see impact of growing method in yield per unit field, mean yield was 5,62 kg/m2 in seedling growing variants; but it was 15.3 kg or 2.7 times higher in root part growing variants. To compare yield of two experimental years, in 2014 yield was higher generally; in seedling grown variant 6.97 kg/m2 and this was higher by 62.8% in 2015; root part grown variant 23.1 kg or higher by 3 times than in 2015. Result of disperse analysis was 9.72 kg/m2 in 2014, 2.22 kg/m2 in 2015; this had shown a significant yield difference.
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